The Pre-natal Diagnostic Techniques (Regulation and Prevention of Misuse) Act, 1994, was enacted and brought into operation from 1st January, 1996, in order to check dwindling child sex ratio. Rules have also been framed under the Act. The Act prohibits determination and disclosure of the sex of foetus . It also prohibits any advertisements relating to pre-natal determination of sex and prescribes punishment for its contravention. The person who contravenes the provisions of this Act is punishable with imprisonment and fine.

The PCNDT Act was later amended in 2002, was enacted with the objective as stated in the preamble ;

…to provide for the prohibition of sex selection, before or after conception, and for regulation of pre-natal diagnostic techniques for the purposes of detecting genetic abnormalities or metabolic disorders or chromosomal abnormalities or certain congenital malformations or sex-linked disorders and for the prevention of their misuse for sex determination leading to female feticide and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.

Thus, the PCNDT Act prohibits the use of all technologies for the purpose of sex selection, which would also include the new chromosome separation techniques.

With the blanket prohibition contained in sections 3, 4 and 5 of the PNDT Act, there is effectively a ban on sex selection in India. It is not possible to use pre-natal diagnostic techniques to abort fetuses whose sex and family history indicate a high risk for certain sex-linked diseases, or to choose a fetus whose sex is less susceptible to certain sex-linked diseases.  While it is legally permissible to abort a fetus at risk of serious physical or mental disabilities, it is not permissible to select a fetus of a sex which is less likely to suffer from a sex-linked disease.

The PCPNDT Act primarily provides for the following: 
Prohibition of sex selection, before and after conception.
Regulation of prenatal diagnostic techniques (e.g., amniocentesis and ultrasonography) for the detection of genetic abnormalities, by restricting their use to registered institutions. The Act allows the use of these techniques only at a registered place, for a specified purpose, and by a qualified person who is registered for the purpose.
Prevention of the misuse of such techniques for sex selection, before or after conception.
Prohibition of the advertisement of any techniques used for sex selection as well as those used for sex determination.
Prohibition on the sale of ultrasound machines to persons not registered under this Act.
Punishment for violations of the Act. Violations carry a five-year jail term and a fine of approximately US $200-$1,000. All offenses are cognizable when police may arrest without a warrant. They are also non-bailable and non-compoundable.[6]

DoanloadPCPNDT ACT here


1 Comment (+add yours?)

  1. Dr khurana
    Feb 11, 2012 @ 01:12:55

    In the end, we will remember not the words of our enemies, but the silence of our friends. These words by Dr Martin Luther King should have special significance to all Indians. We by keeping quiet about the evils of gender selection in India give comfort to the enemies of our culture and heritage. Please read the following articles and sign the petition to remove the evil of female infanticide.


    http://crybelovedcountry.com/ 2012/01/the-face-of-gendercide/http://www.tehelka.com/story_ main51.asp?filename= Ne040212Lack.asp


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