Himachal Pradesh – Panchayat bhawans to display child sex ratio


  • Panchayat bhawans to display gender ratio

Deputy Commissioner Abhishek Jain launches ‘Guddi-Gudda’ scrolls to be put up in all panchayats of the district in Hamirpur on Thursday. Photo: Rajesh Sharma

Our Correspondent

Una, June 11

With a view to reversing the trend of declining child sex ratio in Una district, the administration has decided to put up ‘Guddi-Gudda’ scrolls in all 235 panchayat bhawans. The boards will display the number of female and male infants born during the month in the panchayat, with the cumulative annual figures displayed along with it. 

Deputy Commissioner Abhishek Jain today unveiled the scrolls at a district-level review programme of the Mother and Child Development Department at Bachat Bhawan. He said these scrolls would serve as a deterrent against the declining sex ratio in panchayats showing negative trends. Besides, these would be a source of encouragement to panchayats showing positive trends. 

According to the 2011 Census, Una district had an overall sex ratio of 974 females against 1,000 males. However, the child sex ratio, which indicates the number of girls to boys in the 0 to 6 years age group was 906, pointing towards gender bias and selective termination of pregnancies. 

According to the census, the child sex ratio in different district of the state was 1,013 in Lahul and Spiti, 962 in Kullu, 953 in Kinnaur, 950 in Chamba, 931 in Sirmaur, 922 in Shimla, 913 in Mandi, 899 in Solan, 893 in Bilaspur, 881 in Hamirpur, 873 in Kangra and 870 in Una. Una district also figures among the 100 districts of the country having the lowest sex ratio.

Prompted by the trends, the Union Ministry of Mother and Child Development launched the ‘Beti Bachao-Beti Padhao’ Flagship Mission programme and the Deputy Commissioner, along with health officials, were called in Chandigarh to participate in a mission workshop a few months ago, which was chaired by Maneka Gandhi.The union ministry later sanctioned a project estimated at Rs 36.34 lakh under the Beti Bachao-Beti Padhao programme for Una district to tackle the social issue.

The project includes components like Inter Sectoral Consultation meetings, training and capacity building of stakeholders, innovation and awareness generation activities, besides community mobilization and outreach activities. Una SDM Dhanvir Thakur, Chief Medical Officer GR Kaushal and Programme Officer of the Mother and Child Development Department Ranjit Singh were also present.

http://www.tribuneindia.com/news/himachal/community/panchayat-bhawans-to-display-gender-ratio/92568.html

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Odisha – Child sex ratio falls below 800 in 90 villages


Child sex ratio falls below 800 in 90 villages of Odisha’s Nayagarh

Odisha Sun Times Bureau
csr

Nayagarh district in Odisha has always been in the news when it comes to issues of gender bias . But the extent of the rot has been brought home in all its frightening detail by a recent report.

According to this report commissioned by the District Child Protection Unit, the sex ratio in as many as 90 villages of the district has fallen below 800 in the 0-6 age group, a key indicator of the overall male female ratio. What it means is there are less than 800 female children in the 0-6 age group.

More worryingly, the ratio in some of these 90  villages has fallen as low as 600 ! At this rate, Nayagarh could soon be competing with districts in distant Haryana for the tag of the place with the worst sex ratio in the country.

At 855: 1000, the female-male sex ratio is already a major concern, especially because no other district in the state has a ratio of less than 900.

Gender bias against the girl child is disturbing in Odisha’s Nayagarh district which is evident from an official report of the government which speaks of the grave decline in the female sex ratio in the (0-6 year age group).

In Singarpur villag,e the female child ratio is abysmally low and stands at 468 reminding one of the media reports of foetuses floating in a well in Nayagarh town in 2007.

While 14 villages under Nayagarh police station limits are among the villages where the situation is grim, six are under Daspalla police station, 16 under Fatehgarh police limits, three under Gania police limits, nine under Khandapada police limits, two under Nuagaon police limits, eight under Odagaon police limits, 11 under Ranapur police limits and the highest of 22 under Sarankul police limits.

While the female child sex ratio is between an abysmal 630 and 650 in Dindabhuin and Dihagaon villages under Daspalla police limits, the ratio in other four villages under the same police limits is only marginally better at between 710 to 800.

Laxmiprasad under Fatehgarh police limits has a female child sex ratio of 523, Bhagabanpur 531, Dhanchangda 634 and Kalatangi has 686. In the remaining 12 villages under the same police limits, sex ratio is between 720 to 800.

Similarly, the ratio in Bijayanagar is 602, 755 in Ostia and 764 in Kishoreprasad – all under Gania police limits.

Female child ratio is 640 at Natugaon under Itamati police limits in Nayagarh block and 681 in Lathipada under the same police limits. In the other four villages undre the police station, it’s between 700 to 800.

Also under Nayagarh Sadar police limits, the ratio stands between 610 to 700 in Khandugaon, Muthagadia, Balugaon, Deuli and Chandibasti. In the three other villages, it varies between 730 to790.

The situation is attributed to socio-religious bias toward sons and proliferation of ultra sound diagnostic clinics which are illegally engaged in sex determination tests of foetuses and medical termination of pregnancies in the event the foetus is found to be that of a girl child.

District Child Protection Officer Pritikant Panda said there is a need for raising awareness levels among the people and deter

http://odishasuntimes.com/129685/female-sex-ratio-falls-below-800-in-90-villages-of-odishas-nayagarh/

Gender Justice – Despite skewed sex ratio, conviction under PCPNDT Act rare


SMILEGIRL1

Despite India’s declining child sex ratio, as many as 30 states and union territories have not convicted even a single person for pre-conception and pre-natal diagnostic between 2011 and 2013, raising concerns about the poor implementation of the PCPNDT Act.

The five states which have worst child sex ratio (CSR) – Daman and Diu (618 girls per 1,000 boys), Dadra and Nagar Haveli (775), Chandigarh (818), Delhi (866) and Andaman and Nicobar Islands (878) – have also not punished anyone during the period.

The Pre-Conception and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (PCPNDT) Act, 1994 was enacted to stop female foeticide and arrest the declining sex ratio by banning pre-natal sex determination.

Child sex ratio in India has reached an alarming low with 918 girls per 1,000 boys in 2011 from 927 in 2001, but not much seems to have been done to ensure strict implementation of the Act to deter female foeticide.

According to data available with the Health Ministry, only 32 people have been punished in the whole country as against 563 cases reported for conducting sex determination tests between 2011 and 2013.

The data shows that only four states convicted 13 people in 2013.

In 2012, eight persons were punished by three states and in 2011, 11 people by four states.

Punjab, which has one of the lowest CSR with 895 girls to 1,000 boys, has convicted only two persons in the period while it reported 52 such cases.

Haryana with 879 CSR registered 54 cases under the Act but no conviction took place.

Similarly, Delhi registered 10 cases but could not manage to punish anyone.

The phenomenon has spread to areas which were not known for disparity in CSR including tribal areas and eastern states, said a Women and Child Development Ministry official.

The trend was particularly acute in more developed areas of the country including metropolitan cities.

Non-implementation of the Act has been the biggest failing of the campaign against sex selection, the officialsaid.

http://www.business-standard.com/article/pti-stories/despite-skewed-sex-ratio-conviction-for-female-foeticide-rare-115051000106_1.html

#India – Child Sex Ratio worsens- Fewer children born each year


RUKMINI S

Couples are choosing to restrict size of their families: data

The number of children born every year is slowing rapidly in India, but the slowdown is faster for girl babies than for boy babies, new data from the 2011 Census shows.

While India’s poor sex ratio for children under the age of six is well-known, data released by the office of the Registrar-General of India on Monday gives an indication of the situation at the time of birth. Just under 2.1 crore children were born in 2010, the year before the latest Census was conducted. In the year 2000 in comparison, 1.98 crore children were born. However, the growth in the number of male children born was higher at 5.44 per cent, while the growth in the number of girls born was far lower at 4.69 per cent. The sex ratio at birth as a result was slightly worse in 2011 than it was in 2001.

The numbers also clearly indicate that couples are choosing to restrict the size of their families; nearly half of the children born in 2000 were the third, fourth, fifth and so on in the family. In 2011, just a third of children born in the preceding year were the family’s third, fourth, fifth or so on children. In fact, the absolute number of first and second-borns only increased between 2000 and 2010, while the number of later-born children declined.

The two processes — declining size of families and preference for male children — are going on simultaneously, Dr. P. Arokiasamy, noted demographer and fertility trends expert and Professor at the Mumbai-based International Institute for Population Sciences, told The Hindu. “Fertility is declining faster than expected in India, and when fertility declines, we see an increase in the intensity of preference for male children,” he said. This can be through sex-selective abortion, or the ‘stopping principle’, where families stop having children as soon as they’ve had a boy, Dr. Arokiasamy explained.

And here’s the second chart: 

In a given year, a child born to a woman under the age of 24 is most likely to be her first child, and one born to a woman aged 25-40 her second child. In 2001 in contrast, a child born to a woman in the age group 30-34 was most likely to be her third child, and one born to a woman aged 35 to 39 was most likely to be her fourth child, the Census numbers show.

The data also shows that just 2 per cent of women under the age of 18 are now married in India. Statistics on marriage released showed that 72 lakh people under the age of 18 were married as of 2011, 70 per cent of them girls.

http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/fewer-children-born-each-year-child-sex-ratio-worsens/article6959890.ece

#India – Child sex ratio worsening faster among STs: census report


Author(s): Jitendra
Date:Nov 4, 2013, Down to Earth

Data also shows higher marginationalisation of the country’s Scheduled Tribes

Life on the margins (Photo by M Suchitra)Life on the margins (Photo by M Suchitra)

The latest data released by the Census of India shows that the child sex ratio (number of girls per 1,000 boys) among Scheduled Tribes (STs) in the country has declined faster than in other categories of the population between 2001 and 2011. But the number of girls born per 1,000 boys is still higher in the ST category than in the general population. The data also shows higher marginalisation of India’s Scheduled Tribes; the rate at which people are giving up cultivation is also higher in this category. But more number of Scheduled Tribe women participate in the work force than women in any other category of the population.

The census report data, released on October 28, shows a declining trend in child sex ratio across all categories. The national average has dipped to 919 in 2011 from 927 in 2001. The decline in child sex ratio of STs is higher—it has declined from 973 to 957, but the child gender ratio among STs is still better than the national average. The child sex ratio of STs is the best in Chhattisgarh at 993 and Odisha at 980.

The population growth rate of STs is more than the average population growth of the country, reveals the Primary Census Abstract SC & ST report of Census of India 2011. The growth rate of general population of country is 17.7 per cent whereas STs are growing at 23.7 per cent. Even in urban areas, the growth rate of ST population is more—the growth rate of STs is 49.7 per cent whereas the general population grew by 31.7 per cent.

The data shows another trend. The proportion of child population (0-6 years) of STs has been decreasing. The proportion of child population is overall 13.6 of total population. But the schedule caste child population and tribal child population is decreasing at faster rate in comparison to general child population.

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Overall sex ratio better

The census data shows overall improvement in sex ratio (adults and children combined) in all categories, including that of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes between 2001 and 2011. This improvement is more visible in urban areas. The sex ratio among STs is better than that of all categories. The ST sex ratio has improved to 990 from 978 per 1,000 males, whereas the national average has increased to 943 from 933. The census data shows ST sex ratio has increased to 980 from 944 in urban areas. On the other hand, sex ratio of general population in urban areas improved to 929 from 900. The national sex ratio of rural population is improving slowly in comparison to rural population of STs.

Odisha and Jharkhand, two of India’s poorest states with sizeable tribal population, are the best performing states when it comes to improved sex ratio of STs when compared to states like Rajasthan (948), Uttar Pradesh (952), Jammu and Kashmir (924) and Bihar (958), which also have tribal people. Goa tops the list when it comes to sex ratio of tribal population with 1,046 females per 1,000 males; it is followed by Kerala (1,035), Arunachal Pardesh (1,032), Odisha (1,029) and Chhattisgarh (1,020).

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There is minuscule increase in work participation rate (WPR) of Scheduled Tribes in the country. The rate of WPR is high in urban areas. Work participation rate of SCs and STs in rural areas is declining but increasing urban areas, the census report states.

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Work participation of ST women is the highest in the country and the participation of men is even better. Work participation rate of ST women is 43.5, whereas national average (for general population) is 25.5. Though the overall work participation rate decreased from 25.6 to 25.5, it is increased in urban areas.

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Fewer work days

The census data clearly reflects increasing marginalisation of workers. There is declining trend in percentage of “main workers” (those who are engaged in any economically productive activity for 183 days/six months or more during the year) and increasing trend of “marginal workers” (those who work less than 183 days/six months a year). But the rate of decline of “main workers” belonging to ST category is faster in comparison to the national average. This trend is there in rural areas as well.

STs are the most marginalised group in the country. The growth rate of marginal workers almost doubled in comparison to the national rate. Among STs, rate of marginalisation is greater in rural areas in comparison to urban areas.

As per data, the number as well as the percentage of cultivators is declining. The percentage of decline again is more among STs but they still constitute the highest percentage of cultivators. In rural areas, the decline in number of cultivators is more than 10 per cent whereas the national average is about seven per cent.

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As per data, there is increasing trend of people becoming agricultural labourers. Though Scheduled Castes, who by tradition constitute highest percentage of agricultural labourers seems to remain stagnant, but they still contitute highest percentage among all categories, followed by STs. The percentage increase of agricultural labourers is higher for ST population. Their rate increased by around eight per cent, whereas national average of growth in agricultural labour was four per cent. In rural areas, SC sconstitute highest number of agricultural labourers. But the rate of increase is highest among STs.

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The number of household industry (HHI) workers is increasing but their percentage is decreasing, says census data. The decline is across all sections. HHI is a non-registered industry, run by only family members.

The number as well as percentage of “other workers” has been increasing across all sections. More SCs are joining this category than any other section of the population.

 

Save the girl child: PMC nod to fixed deposit scheme


Express news service : Pune, Sat Jul 13 2013,

To check sex selection,  the women and child welfare committee of the Pune Municipal Corporation (PMC) on Friday approved a proposal seeking financial assistance to every girl child born in a poor family under the civic jurisdiction from April this year.As per the proposal, the civic body would make a fixed deposit of Rs 30,000 in the name of the girl child born in a family having income less than Rs 1 lakh. The girl can withdraw the money which will amount to Rs 2.4 lakh after interest, when she is 18 and provided she is unmarried.

The civic body will contribute Rs 20,000 while the parents will have to give Rs 10,000 to avail the scheme. The scheme would be eligible for citizens under the civic jurisdiction and up to two child per family.

“The committee will also contribute Rs 40,000 for a girl child if her parents decide to have only one child. In such cases, the parents need not contribute Rs 10,000 to avail the scheme,” said Varsha Marathe, chairperson of women and child welfare committee.

As many as 50,000 births take place every year in PMC. There are 938 female births for every 1,000 male births. This means 24,200 female births a year take place in the city.

If the civic body decides to include all of them in the scheme then the civic body would need a whopping Rs 48.27 crore. The scheme has a provision of merely Rs 5 crore and can be availed by beneficiaries who fulfill the criteria.

Civic body proposes to double scholarship of sportsmen

The PMC administration has proposed to double the scholarship given to sportsmen representing at district, state, national and international level. After the sports policy was approved last year, the civic body had made provision of Rs 25,000 for sportsmen from city representing at national and international level and Rs 15,000 for sportsmen representing the district.

PMC mounts vigil to keep monsoon diseases at bay

With the city having buckled under a volley of diseases during the last monsoon, particularly dengue, the civic authorities this year are mounting vigilance in advance to keep monsoon-related diseases at bay. Though swine flu claimed several lives, dengue and malaria attacked people with twin viral.

According to Pune Municipal Corporation’s (PMC) monthly communicable disease report, 148 dengue cases, including five deaths, have been reported since January this year. Around 15 cases were reported in May and 36 in June, the report said.

As many as 66 cases of malaria and 184 cases of swine flu have been reported since January. While majority of swine flu cases were reported in February (44), March (64) and April (45), there were only two case in June. Around 98 snake bite cases have been registered since January, with 19 in June.

As per the PMC records, cases of viral hepatitis are on the rise, with a total of 682 cases reported since January. June alone reported 89 such cases.

In Pimpri-Chinchwad Municipal Corporation (PCMC), officials said there were 47 cases of malaria since January.

The sentinnel surveillance centre set up by the PCMC to test dengue cases registered only two cases

 

#India – No girl child in 72 hamlets of Madhya Pradesh #Vaw #Sexselection


, TNN | Jun 28, 2013,

BHOPAL: Shivani, 7, a class II student of government primary school in Tinchha village ofIndore, has only one girl in her class, Muskan, to play with-courtesy child sex ratio of just 571 (females) compared to 1,000 (male).

But it is not an isolated village without girls. Going by Census 2011 figures, only 5 or less girls were born in past six years in 1,675 villages in the state!

There are 72 hamlets in the state where there is no girl, but only boys below the age of six years.

Krishna Verma, aanganwadi worker at Tinncha village in Indore, said, “Both Shivani and Muskan have been promoted to class II this year. In class I of village school, there are just three girl students.”

“In all, 28 boys and 16 girls below 6 years of age are registered at the centre,” Verma said.

It was because only 16 girls were borne against 28 boys in the past six years, she added.

Tinncha is a small village in Indore district of the state with a population of 422.

There are at least half a dozen villages in almost all districts of the state as per census 2011 figures.

In Kagnikheda village under Khilchipur tehsil of Rajgarh district-Sapna, 6, and Manisha, 6, are the only girl classmates in standard I of the government primary school.

“The names of Sapna and Manisha were removed from the register of aanganwadi center as they were enrolled in class I of government primary school this year. They are the only girls in 0 to 6 years of age group in our village,” Sajjan Bai, aanganwadi worker at Kagnikheda told TOI.

Kagnikheda with a population of 425 has a child sex ratio (0 to 6 yrs) of just 433 as per Census 2011. There are only 13 girls compared to 30 boys in the same age group.

Same is the story at Sarekha Khurd village, (population 631) in Seoni district, which has a child sex ratio of just 515, Gunjhar village (total population 492) of Gwalior district having child sex ratio of 410, Atrar village

(population 530) of Tikamgarh district which has a child sex ratio of just 456, Pali Sujam village (population 327) having child sex ratio of just 352 and other such villages of the state.

 

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