Punjab- Ultrasound machines sealed in Barnala #PCPNDT #MTP

Ultrasound machine sealed

Neel Kamal, TNN Jun 19, 2013

BARNALA: Detecting a case of sex selection , police have registered a case of medical termination of pregnancy (MTP) against a private hospital and has sealed the ultrasound machine of the hospital. The sex determination test was allegedly conducted with a machine having been already sealed some time back and the test was conducted after altering the seal.

A Barnala-resident pregnant woman had reached a private hospital where she was told that she is bearing a female child. The woman was offered termination of pregnancy if she did not want the female child. Accordingly an abortion was being conducted when the condition of the woman deteriorated and she was referred to another hospital where the illegal act came to light, Barnala SSP Sanehdeep Sharma said.

Barnala civil surgeon Dr Renu informed police, who registered a case. DSP Swaran Singh has been asked to conduct a thorough probe, Sharma said.



Take quick and tough action against sex selection: SC


04th March 2013 08:02 PM

  • Steps should be taken by the state government and the authorities under the PNDT Act for mapping of all registered and unregistered ultra-sonography clinics, in three months time,” the top court said. (PTI/File)

The Supreme Court on Monday directed the Centre and state governments to take quick and tough action against people indulging in sex selection  and passed a slew of directions for effective implementation of PNDT Act that prohibits pre-natal sex determination.

The apex court directed the governments to map all ultra- sonography clinics within three months and asked the lower courts to dispose all cases for violation of the Act within a period of six months to bring the accused to book.

“Steps should be taken by the state government and the authorities under the Act for mapping of all registered and unregistered ultra-sonography clinics, in three months time,” a bench of justices K S Radhakrishnan and Dipak Misra said.

“The various courts in this country should take steps to dispose of all pending cases under the Act, within a period of six months,” it said.

The bench also said that special cell be constituted by the state governments and the Union Territories to monitor the progress of various cases pending in the courts under the Act and take steps for their early disposal.

It said that more vigil and attention by the authorities is required in view of “mushrooming” of various sonography centres, genetic clinics, genetic counselling centres, genetic laboratories, ultrasonic clinics and imaging centres in almost all parts of the country.

The court passed the order on a PIL by NGO Voluntary Health Association of Punjab pleading it to interfere in the matter in view of decreasing number of girls/boys ratio in the country.

The average count of girl child (0-6 years) in the country has dropped to 914 per 1000 boys as per the Census 2011 which was earlier 927 in the 2001 Census.


BMC to beef up vigilance in wards with dismal sex ratio

By, TNN | Feb 19, 2013,  IST

MUMBAI: Fifteen of the BMC‘s 24 wards across the city improved their sex ratio at birth in 2012 from 2011.

The B Ward of Bhendi Bazaar and Masjid Bunder recorded the highest sex ratio at birth of 996 girl children born per 1,000 boys.

Areas such as Malabar Hill came a close second; it recorded 979 deliveries of girl children per 1,000 boys in 2012, up from 915 girls in 2011. Borivli, too, registered 979 girl births in 2012, up from 914 in 2011.

These figures are based on the data compiled by the BMC, which issues birth certificates in the city.

Demographics and gender studies experts have attributed the improvement in the sex ratio to awareness drives as well as stringent regulation of maternity and sonography clinics, and sustained crackdown on illegal sex determination.

The largest dip in sex ratio, on the other hand, has been recorded in the C Ward of Bhuleshwar, Pydhonie and Sandhurst Road. The number has dropped from 981 girls per 1,000 boys in 2011 to a shockingly low 860 girls in 2012. The other areas that have witnessed a drastic dip include Kandivli. It recorded 882 births of girls per 1,000 boys in 2012 against 907 in 2011. Dahisar, too, registered a lower figure of 891 girls against 893 in 2011.

Dr Arokya Swamy, demographer at the Indian Institute of Population Studies (IIPS), said theBMC should now focus on localities that have shown a dip and strengthen their vigilance to curb female foeticide.

The BMC, on its part, has already lined up a programme for specific areas where the sex ratio is low or has fallen drastically. The civic body has asked its primary health staff to increase surveillance and immediately report any illegal activity in their areas. “We will also dissect the data so that the reason for the dip can be understood. Effective steps will be taken to improve the situation,” said a senior health officer.

Experts added the drop in certain areas could be attributed to the fact that young couples these days opt for a single child and may choose a male over a female child.

They further said that this data does not pinpoint to any trend, though, as there are cases where a mother may have delivered a female child in some ward and acquired her birth certificate from another.

“There is also a chance that the expectant mother has gone to her mother’s residence for delivery and got a birth certificate from the ward where she lives. Such cases may be few, but cannot be neglected,” said Dr Swamy.


#Manipur Govt determined to check sex selection

Source: The Sangai Express

Imphal, January 07 2013: The Government of Manipur has taken up several measures to check sex selection in the State.

Talking to The Sangai Express in his office room, Family Welfare Department, State Nodal Officer (Pre-Natal Diagnostic Technique) Dr Th Arun Kumar said that the practice of sexs election and  identifying sex of the unborn baby with the help of Ultrasound machine is punishable under law.

The offenders can be either sentenced to jail or fined or both under the Pre Natal Diagnostic Technique Act 1994 .

Taking serious note of the skewed sex ratio of the country, the Government of India enacted the Act to checksex selection  which is practised widely in some States of the country.

According to the 2001 census report, child sex ratio of India in the age group of 0-6 years was 1000:927.But this figure changed to 1000:914 in 2011 .

District-wise child sex ratio for the State of Manipur in the same age group as per 2011 census report was 1000:943 in Imphal West district, 1000: 932 in Imphal East district, 1000:948 in Thoubal district, 1000:941 in Tamenglong district, 1000:945 in Churachandpur district, 1000:921 in Ukhrul district, 1000:912 in Senapati district, 1000:919 in Chandel district and 1000:919 in Bishnupur district.

In view of the ever decreasing sex ratio, Family Welfare Department has launched an intensive drive starting from this year under the Pre Natal Diagnostic Technique Act 1994 in Government as well as private hospitals.

The drive has already reached Public Hospital at Hatta and Maroodyan Clinic at Palace Gate.

Soon after the drive, Maroodyan Clinic has registered its Ultrasound machine in the PNDT Cell of Family Welfare Department.

Earlier, the Ultrasound machine was being used without registration.

However, Public Hospital has not yet come forward to register their Ultrasound machine even after they have been told to do so during the drive which was carried out more than 15 days back.

Subsequently, the matter has been tabled in a meeting of the State Advisory Board after due consultation between the PNDT Cell and the State’s appropriate authority for registering an FIR with police and further legal actions.

Another Ultrasound machine was also discovered in a private doctor’s house.

This time, the doctor responded positively to the department’s instructions, said Dr Arun Kumar.

PNDT Act 1994 was enforced in the State since 2003 only although the same Act was enforced at the National level since 1996.Since then, NGOs and Family Welfare Department have been organising awareness programmes about the Act and female foeticide.

According to the rules of PNDT Act 1994, a pregnant woman may abort her foetus if it poses risk of death.

A woman may also abort her child if it was conceived out of rape or due to failure of family planning methods.

Except in such cases, no woman can go for abortion.

In case, a private hospital or doctor is found involved in female foeticide after identifying sex of a foetus by using Ultrasound machine illegally , the PNDT Act warrants that they can be fined up to Rs 50,000 and jailed for three years.

So far, 111 people have been punished under PNDT Act 1994 at the national level.

Moreover, 1295 FIRs have also been registered, Dr Arun Kumar said quoting Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare Gulam Nabi Azad.


Jharkhand not learning from Maharshtra- to use ‘silent observer’ (SIOB)

It plans to install satellite observation system at all the ultrasound clinics and link them with the district administration office

Submitted on 05/30/2012 – 09:27:21 AM

Ranchi: The Jharkhand government would soon install ultra sound tracking technology device called ‘silent observer’ (SIOB) at ultrasound clinics across the state to check sex selection .

As a pilot project the new technology will be introduced in five districts — Ranchi, Dhanbad, Bokaro, Jamshedpur and Hazaribagh — of the state.

The new technology to be used in will facilitate linking of all private ultra sonographic laboratories with a high capacity computer device at the deputy commissioners’ (DC) offices.

The main server of the ‘silent observer’ will be at the collectorate. Also, the devices would remain connected to each other. It’s a small device, which would be attached to sonography machines.

It captures the sonography image. It records personal data of the patient including the images. The server at collectorate would enable the officials to monitor all the sonography tests being conducted in the city.

The district administration will make use of the data collected at the server to verify that whether a particular pregnant woman, who underwent sonography on such a date, delivered a baby or not or she has aborted the child.

“The records will also form basis for taking suitable legal action against the violators of the Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (PNDT) Act,” an official said.


FASS  has maintained the position that technology cannot root out social problems and  after wasting so much money on the software, government better use it for implementation of PCPNDT ACT  

Medical council suspends 13 docs over sex tests

TNN | Jun 17, 2012, 04.24AM IST

MUMBAI: The MaharashtraMedical Council (MMC) on Saturday suspended 13 doctors against whom the state government had initiated action under the Preconception and Prenatal Diagnostic Techniques (PCPNDT) Act.”These are temporary suspensions till the charges against them are proved in court. If found guilty, their membership will be terminated,” said Dr Shivkumar Utture, an executive member of the MMC.

The state had initiated action against the 13 doctors for allegedly conducting sex-determination tests and sex-selective abortions.

The MMC is also seeking more information on two doctors from Mumbai in this connection. “One of these doctors is a homoeopath and the other is not registered with the MMC. We have asked the government for more information on them,” he said. The MMC can suspend doctors only after a chargesheet is filed against them in courts.

The suspended doctors hail from Beed, Osmanabad, Jalgaon and Pune. “Some of them are gynaecologists while others are radiologists,” said Dr Utture.

The MMC has the power to temporarily or permanently suspend doctors. Incidentally, the MMC suspended five doctors a few months ago.

After a large number of sex-selective abortions cases were reported from Beed and surrounding areas, the state started stringent checks to ensure that the rules laid down under the PCPNDT Act were followed.

Incidentally, the MMC has not yet received any information about the Munde couple, Dr Sudam and Saraswati, from Beed. But the MMC has taken suo motu action against the couple on the basis of media reports and suspended the couple.

Dr Utture said, “We issued a showcause notice to the couple, but they did not respond to it. We do not even have any information about the court cases against them. The couple has been absconding.”

Maharashtra to put sex test clinics on ‘notice’

Maharashtra to put sex test clinics on ‘notice’

, TNN | Jun 16, 2012, 02.00AM IST

MUMBAI: The state government is trying out a new idea to check the declining child sex ratio in Maharashtra. The public health department has decided to plaster notices on erring radiology centres and clinics to inform citizens about the doctors being involved in sex determination tests.A decision to this effect was taken last week in Mantralaya while discussing measures that the state government needs to take to curbsex selection in Maharashtra. The meeting—chaired by public health minister Suresh Shetty—was attended by Vikas Kharge (commissioner, family welfare) and other officials of the health department.A senior health department official stated that plastering notices on clinics of the erring doctors will serve two purpose—one to embarrass the erring doctor for his/her involvement in sex determination tests and also to inform the government machinery (police and public health department officials) will get to know if any clinic is operating despite being served notice.”Modalities on the content of the notice have been worked out. The system to paste notices on clinics of erring doctors will soon be started in the state,” the official added.

Meanwhile, a senior public health department official has expressed displeasure with the home department for failing to trace the doctor-couple in Beed. “Dr Sudam Munde and his wife Dr Saraswati are absconding for more than three weeks. The police department has failed to trace the whereabouts of the Munde couple. If in a state like Maharashtra—known for having the best brains in the police force—the doctors can’t be traced, than it puts a serious question mark on the network and the ability of the police officials,” the official added.

However, home department officials have refuted the allegations. “A team of police officials has been formed to trace the culprits in the Beed case. A few members of this police team are in neighbouring states to locate the erring doctor couple,” a senior IPS official said. “We will solve the case soon,” he added.

The state government had ordered CID probe into the Beed incident, following death of a pregnant woman while undergoing an abortion on May 18. Dr Munde, who allegedly performed the operation, is at large since the incident.

Team to curb illegal centres in Vasai-Virar

MUMBAI: The Vasai Virar Municipal Corporation (VVMC) has formed a team of nine doctors to check illegal sex determination tests in the region. Apart from inspecting sonography centres and maternity homes, the team will seal unused sonography machines. In Navghar-Manikpur, the team of doctors recently sealed two unused sonography machines.

Recent raids conducted on unrecognised doctors revealed that many were running maternity homes. There are a total 86 approved sonography centres in Vasai-Virar. The health department of the VVMC has begun inspecting the Form F records done before conducting ultrasound tests on pregnant women at these centres.

Maternity homes and sonography centres have been directed to furnish adequate records of patients and details of tests done. Diagnostic centres and maternity wards have been directed to prominently display ‘no-sex determination’ boards. –Sandhya Nair

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